Top 10 Wild Animals Of India


Have you ever been to a wild animals search on a Jungle Safari??

If yes, you must very well know, how exclusively breathtaking wild animals are.  On one such visit to Kanha National Park, I was confronted by a gigantic leopard. Initially, I was truly terrified. While a few moments later, still terrified, I couldn’t take my eyes off the splendid creature.

Apart from the richness of wild animals, 25% of Indian land is wired up in dense forests. In fact, we have created nearly 400 national parks/sanctuaries for these untamed species. Such national parks/safaris act as a protection of wild animals, from poaching and habitat loss. Besides, we also have a wide spectrum of farm to wild animals and reptiles which are native to our country.

Although, this article will focus on the top 10 wild animals of India, check out The Five Species Of Reptiles Found In India to learn about the different reptile species in India.


1. Royal Bengal Tiger

Family – Felidae
Total Population –2,226
Kingdom – Indian Subcontinent


Image Source: Shutterstock


Royal Bengal Tiger is the national animal of India. On the Indian subcontinent, it is mostly found in the Bengal region.

It has also been classified as “endangered” since 2012 when the number was below 1000. This decline was due to the illegal trading of body parts and poached skins. However, the latest census of 2016 indicates that there are 106 tigers in Bangladesh, 103 in Buthan, 198 in Nepal and 2,226 in India, which definitely is an improvement.

The largest population of the Royal Bengal Tiger is found in the Kanha National Park, India.


2. Great Indian Elephant

Family – Elephantidae
Total Population –31,368
Kingdom – Mainland Asia


Image Credit: Azanimals


With a prime spot in our culture, the Indian elephant is one of the most loved animals in India. From, having the largest population of this well-groomed species, the number has overly diminished in the recent years. Indian elephant can be spotted in a number of locations in India which includes West Bengal and Assam, additionally, they can be easily spotted at Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary located in Uttar Pradesh.

The Indian elephant alias “Elephas maximus indicus”, is a subspecies of the Asian Elephant.


3. Indian Rhinoceros

Family – Rhinocerotidae
Total Population –3,555
Kingdom – Indian Subcontinent


Image Credit: Wildlife


The Indian Rhinoceros, also known as the “One-Horned Rhinoceros”, is usually found in the northeastern part of India and some parts of Nepal. Having a poor eyesight and quite a few enemies, the big-sized rhino usually hides in tall grasslands or in the foothills of the Himalaya.

The largest population of the Indian Rhinoceros can be found at the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary.


 4.Great Indian Lion

Family –Felidae
Total Population –523
Kingdom – India


Image Credit:: Affairscloud


The Indian Lion is also known as the “Asiatic Lion” or the “Persian Lion”. There was a time when Asiatic Lions would roam around from northern Greece to central India. However, today, the natural habitat of the species has reduced to only the Gir forests of India, the Asiatic Lion almost synonymous with the Indian Lion.

The Great Indian Lion is also depicted on the National Emblem of India, representing power, strength and sovereignty.


5. Indian Leopard

Family – Felidae
Total Population –14,000
Kingdom – Indian Subcontinent


ImageCredit: Insiderjourney


The Indian leopard, also one of the classiest animals in India, is the largest of the “5 big cats” of the Panthera genus. The name “Leopard” has been derived from a combination of two, Greek and Latin words, ‘Leo’ meaning ‘lion’ and ‘pard’ meaning ‘panther’.

It was classified as Endangered by the IUCN in 2008. This decline in population was due to illegal trading of body parts and leopard skins.


6. Indian Black Bear

Family – Melursus ursinus
Total Population – 20,000
Kingdom – Indian Subcontinent


Image Credit: firstpeople


Indian Black bear also known as the “Moon bear of India” or the “Himalayan black bear” is a very aggressive animal. They are also responsible for killing many humans over the years. The male black bear weighs between 220 and 480 pounds, while the female weighs between 110 to 275 pounds.

They are popularly found in China, Russia, India, Japan and Taiwan. In India, they can be located near the Himalayan region.


7. Indian Wild Ass

Family – Equidae
Total Population –4,800
Kingdom – India


Image Credit: .treknature


The Indian Wild ass, commonly known as the “Ghudkhur” is only found in the Gujarat state of India. As of 2016, this species was listed by IUCN as “Endangered”.

Indian Wild ass has an average age of 20-25 years.


8. Indian Wild Buffalo

Family –Bovidae
Total Population –4,000
Kingdom – Indian Subcontinent


Image Credit: patrolfanonwiki


The Indian Wild Buffalo aka “the water buffalo” or “the Asiatic buffalo” is highly popular in India, Nepal and various other Asian countries. It is the second largest wild bovid and can only be spotted in Assam in the Kaziranga national park.

The Indian Wild Buffalo are more in number when compared to the domestic buffalos.


9. Blue Bull Nilgai

Family –Bovidae
Total Population – 1 million
Kingdom – Indian Subcontinent


Image Credit: Tripadvisor


Nilgai, also known as Blue Bull, is one of the most commonly found wild animals of northern India as well as eastern Pakistan. It is the Asian’s largest antelope weighing anywhere between 100 kgs to 288 kgs.

Even though it is an antelope, it looks quite like an ox, which is why it has been called as the “Blue bull of India”.

The average lifespan of the Neelgai is 21 years.


10. Indian Bison

Family –Bovidae
Total Population – 22,000
Kingdom – India


Image Credit: Treknature


The Indian Bison, the strongest of all bovine species, is found only in the Indian subcontinent. Commonly referred to as “Gaur”, the Indian bison is an endangered species.  It can be located in areas like Bandhavgarh, Kanha, and other wildlife sanctuaries across India.


Interesting, isn’t it?

Get away from the hustle and bustle of daily living, visit one of these sanctuaries and discover the spectacular wild animals.

It sure gives a whole other perspective.


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