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Needless to say, the crux of agriculture is rainfall. Over 40% of our cropped area does not have any form of irrigation other than the rains. In fact, millions of farmer wait for the monsoon to begin sowing of staples, such as sugar, cotton, rice and cereals. A matter of such importance and still in the recent years, the total amount of rainfall in distinct regions, is either much more or much less, as per the requirement. What is that requirement? Monsoon is said to be normal when rainfall is between 96-104% of 80 centimetres, which is the 50-year average of rains during the season. Rainfall above 110% would mean surplus monsoon.
Image Source: Eco-business
In India, there are places which experience a tremendous amount of rainfall, way more than the essentials. These places are known as the wettest place in the country.
Top 10 Regions with Highest Rainfall in India-
Village Mawsynram located on the East Khasi Hills of Meghalaya is believed to be the wettest place on Earth. Situated on the top of a hill in the middle of a valley, it has recorded an annual rainfall of 11,872 mm during peak monsoons. Also, it is aptly located in Meghalaya which means, “the adobe of the clouds” in Sanskrit. Mawsynram has also reserved a mention in the Guinness Book of World Records. As per the record, this small village received 26000 mm of rainfall in 1985.
Landslides are a common feature in this area, which is why the residents brace themselves accordingly every year. Women from each house make “Knups” to shield their homes. There is also a digital weather station located on the outskirts, where monthly recordings are taken. The average temperature here ranges from around 10 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius.
Agumbe, a small town located in Shimoga district of Karnataka, is known as the “The Cheerapunji of the South”. It receives an average rainfall of 7,691 mm and the highest recorded rainfall in a single month is 4508 mm. It is also one of the most scenic places in the Western Ghats of India, known for its dense forests and high rainfalls. These dense forests also accommodate a large number of mountaintop reptile species found in India.
The rainforests surrounding Agumbe are part of the Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary and it also has an important rainforest station for research.
The streets of Sringeri’s main market which is approximately 27 km from Agumbe, lead to one of Karnataka’s most popular pilgrimage spots.
Chinnakallar, in western ghats, has always been a place of tourist for millions of nature-lovers. Situated in Valpaparai Taluk, it is known as the Cherrapunji of Tamil Nadu. It is the third wettest place in India. The highest seasonal rainfall recorded in Chinnakallar is 3655.5 MM.
The place is full of green forest with tall bamboo trees, which is a treat to the eyes. The falls in Chinnakallar sounds like a roaring lion and it is best visited after the rains between November to May.
Cherrapunji, which also lies on the slopes of Khasi Hilla, experiences the same amount of rainfalls as Mawsynram. It is holding the title of the second wettest place on earth, after Mawsynram. Located at the confluence of two gorges in the hills, it is an important tourist spot of many flocks.
Cherrapunji still holds the all-time record for the most rainfall. It received 9,300 MM in the year 1861 and 26,461 MM in 1860.
Some of the Picturesque sites in Cherrapunji
- 1,035-ft-high Mawsmai Falls
- Cherrapunji monoliths
- Underground passes
Additionally, it is only 60 km from Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya.
To anyone, who is inquisitive about waterfalls, Amboli is a must-visit.
A hill station in Maharashtra, it is famous for its beautiful flora and fauna. It is located at an altitude of 690 meters above the sea level and is referred to as “Mist Paradise” and “Queen of Maharashtra”. With its amazing topography, it experiences around 7,500 mm. of rain every year- mostly in the month of July and August.
In terms of comparison, it comes at the 5th position in the highest rainfall in India.
Konkan or the Konkan coast is the section of the western coastline of Arabia sea. The largest city on the Konkan coast is Mumbai, the state capital of Maharashtra, which also gets flooded every year due to heavy rainfalls. Konkan extends throughout the western coasts of Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka.
7. Palakkad Gap
Palakkad Gap is a low mountain pass in the Western Ghats of Kerala which receives moderate rainfall. There is a theory that Palakkad Gap was established due to large rivers flowing in opposite directions. It has also played an important role in authorizing human immigration into Kerela, by connecting Palakkad district of Kerela with Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu.
The highest rainfall recorded here is approximately 5500 mm, in the year 1974
8. Nilgiri Hills
Nilgiri also referred as “Blue mountains” spread across the borders of three states- Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerela. It witnessed the highest amount of rainfall in the year 2015 when many severe landslides happened. The elevation of the Nilgiris results in a much cooler and wetter climate, so the area is popular as a comfortable retreat and is also good for tea cultivation.
Here, Gudalur tea plantations receive the highest rainfall in Nilgiris hills of Tamil Nadu.
9. Malabar Coast
Malabar Coast is referred to as the wettest regions of southern India. The coast is a narrow coastline lying on the plains of Kerela and Karnataka. The name “Malabar Coast” is thought to be derived from two words, “mala” meaning “hills” and “pur-am” which means “regions”and got westernised to Mala”bar”.
The Mansooned Malabar Coffee comes from this area.
Pasighat is ideal for attracting rains because of its trough-like features- surrounded by high hills on three sides. It receives heavy rainfall from June to September, when the monthly average is 796 mm. Also, the “Hot” Spring season from March to May sees heavy thunder.
The Brahmaputra River emerges from the foothills under the name of Dihang or Siang in Pasighat.
So, what are you waiting for?
Visit one of these places and experience the abundance of nature at its purest.
Just Don’t forget to carry your rain-coat.