Stomach Pain Relief Options
One of the most common cause of stomach pain in day to day life is digestive problems. It can cause pain which radiates to entire area. Pain may range from mild to moderate usually, if untreated it may become more severe. Now a days food habits and life style have changed a lot, which can cause different digestive problems and result in stomach pain. People can modify their diet habits and lifestyle to prevent this problem. Excess intake of over the counter available medicines should be avoided. If it happens even after lifestyle changes, then medications are helpful to prevent it.
Modifications in the diet habits include avoidance of the food which triggers digestive problems. Avoid overeating, spicy foods, fatty foods, eating too fast etc. Eating 4- 5 small meals than eating 2- 3 large meals also helps to prevent the digestive problems. High fiber diet, fruits and vegetable rich diet, and snacks help in digestion of the food. Reducing the consumption of alcohol, caffeine, and carbonated drinks also helps. Eating a balanced diet and good amount of fluid intake improves the digestion and reduces the chances of digestive problems. So, have a balanced diet and avoid the problems.
Home Remedies for Stomach Pain Relief
Mild to moderate stomach pain can be easily alleviated by home remedies. One can try the below mentioned home remedies to for removing stomach pain.
1. Hot Water Fomentation
Hot water fomentation by using heating bag or pad may relax the tense muscles and alleviate pain. Also, taking a warm bath may help in the same way. Apply a hot water bag or heat pad on the stomach for around 15- 20 minutes or until it cools down. It helps in relieving the pain.
2. Plenty of Clear Fluids
Indigestion is one of the most common cause of stomach pain. Taking plenty of clear fluids such as water helps in digestion of the food. Dehydration also increases the indigestion problems. So, taking plenty of water hydrates the person and helps in digestion. Also, it helps in absorption of the nutrients from the food.
3. Avoid Tea, Coffee etc
Tea, coffee etc beverages increase the acid production in the stomach. Excess consumption of these beverages may cause stomach pain. So, avoid excess consumption of these beverages especially with empty stomach. Avoiding them helps in preventing and reducing stomach pain.
4. Avoid Smoking and Consumption of Alcohol
Smoking and alcohol consumption irritates the throat and also increases stomach upset conditions. Also, they increase acid production in the stomach. Alcohol damages the liver. So, avoid smoking and alcohol consumption to prevent and reduce stomach pain.
5. Have Less Spicy and Oily Foods
Oily foods and spicy foods are harder to digest and spicy foods also irritate the stomach causing stomach upset, indigestion etc. So, avoid having spicy and oily foods regularly. If you are having stomach problems and pain already, then avoid these types of food. Along with it also avoid street foods, avoid excess consumption of cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, chocolates, fried foods etc. Avoid heavy duty activities within one hour of your meal to enhance digestion. Also, add fiber rich foods to your diet for proper digestion, bowel movements etc. Taking these precautions will help to prevent digestive problems and thereby prevent the chances of stomach pain.
6. Peppermint Tea
Peppermint and its oil has been used for thousand years to sort out various stomach and digestive ailments. This tea improves digestion and promotes bowel movement. So, peppermint oil is also used in irritable bowel syndrome. By improving digestion, it also reduces pain and uncomfortable feeling in the stomach. It also stimulates bile acid flow and increases the efficiency of digestion. So, it also helps in reducing weight. Its analgesic action reduces the pain of cramps caused due to indigestion. This also has calming effects on the muscles of the gastrointestinal system.
Peppermint has carminative effects, it helps to prevent formation of gas in the gastrointestinal tract and also facilitates the expulsion of gas. Thereby it prevents bloating, combats flatulence, and alleviates stomach pain.
The peppermint has anti- spasmodic and muscle relaxant properties. So, it relaxes the muscles and helps in relieving menstrual cramps and also the colic pain. Menstrual cramps is a common problem especially among young girls. So, having peppermint tea may help in reducing the stomach pain during menstruation.
7. BRAT Diet
BRAT diet is usually recommended to persons having diarrhoea. It includes Bananas, Rice, Applesauce and Toast. The BRAT diet is all starchy and helps to bind the food together making firm stools. Also, these foods are bland so they do not irritate stomach or intestine. These foods are also rich in nutrients such as potassium and magnesium, replacing the nutrient loss occurred due to vomiting and diarrhoea. So, BRAT diet helps in relieving stomach problems.
8. Lime or Lemon Juice
Lime or lemon juice, helps to relieve various digestive problems by improving digestion. It also helps in absorption of fats and alcohol. It detoxifies the body and also boosts the metabolism.
9. Baking Soda
Baking soda, helps in relieving indigestion and also acts as antacid. Mixing it with lime juice, produces carbonic acid which may help to reduce gas and also indigestion.
Medicines for Stomach Pain Relief
There are so many over the counter available medicines, which may help in reducing the problem. One should keep a few medicines in the first aid kit, so that it can help you in emergency situation to reduce stomach pain. First identify the problem and then accordingly take the medicine. Let’s see various medicines helpful to reduce stomach pain.
Antacids are over the counter available medicines which help to reduce the acidity. These medicines contain aluminium hydroxide, magnesium trisilicate, magnesium hydroxide etc. These alkaline ions chemically neutralize the acids present in the stomach and also relieves heartburn etc. They help in reducing stomach pain and provide relief.
2. Proton pump Inhibitors
Proton- pump inhibitors such as pantoprazole, omeprazole, rabeprazole etc and H2- receptor antagonists such as ranitidine etc are acid reducing medicines. They reduce the amount of acid production and relieve the stomach pain occurring due to increased acid production.
3. Pain Relieving Medicines
Over the counter available pain relieving medicines such as Aceclofenac, Diclofenac etc may help, but try not to take aspirin because it may irritate the stomach and may increase the problem.
Dicyclomine, relieves muscle spasms in the gastrointestinal tract. So, it may help in relieving the pain along with the cramps, which can occur due to indigestion etc. It relaxes the muscles and helps in reducing pain. This medicine should be avoided in persons having obstructive gastrointestinal conditions, unstable cardiac conditions etc. So, consult your doctor before taking pain relieving medicines unless and until you have been prescribed earlier by any doctor.
Laxatives are substances that loosen stools and increases bowel movements, thereby relieving constipation and pain due to that. Fiber rich foods and over the counter laxatives help in relieving constipation. Lactulose, PEG, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium sulphate etc are some of the laxatives which are commonly used.
5. Medicines for Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea may occur due to many reasons such as indigestion, food poisoning, infections etc and may cause stomach pain. Medicines for diarrhoea such as loperamide, bismuth subsalicylate etc may help to reduce the cramps. Consult the doctor if the diarrhoea persists for more than one day. As the underlying condition causing it must be treated such as infections etc.
Helicobacter Pylori infection in the stomach may cause problems such as indigestion, increased acid production, ulcers, gastritis etc. Antibiotics are given to eliminate Helicobacter Pylori infection. After eliminating this infection, digestion improves and other problems also resolve. So, the cause of stomach pain guides the treatment and by treating the cause the pain resolves.
7. Psychological Therapy
Stress and anxiety may also cause increased acid production, indigestion, and stomach pain. To reduce stress and anxiety in a person, psychological therapy is given. Relaxation therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy etc are helpful. Anti- depressants and anti- anxiety medicines are sometimes given in severe conditions.
Consult a Doctor
If you are having severe stomach pain and not relieving by any medications or home remedies then immediately seek for consultation. Acute and severe stomach pain may occur due to any medical condition. One should not ignore this. If you are having chronic stomach pain, then consult a doctor. The proper treatment is must to avoid complications.
Stomach pain is a very common problem and can occur at any time. Pain can be acute or chronic and the severity of pain may range from mild to severe. Most common cause of stomach pain is digestive problems. Mild to moderate pain can be alleviated by diet modifications, over the counter available medicines, home remedies etc. But the severe and acute pain needs proper medical care.