Prostate Cancer- Signs & Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Prevention

Prostate is a part of the Male Reproductive system. It is a gland that produces some of the fluid in semen and controls urine in men. The cancer that spreads in this part of a man’s reproductive system is known as prostate cancer. The prostate produces the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm on their journey to fuse with a female ovum, or egg, and produce human life. The prostate contracts and forces these fluids out during orgasm. There are various signs and symptoms of prostate cancer.

This is the most common type of cancer found in men. It is treatable once detected early. This article is an attempt to help men identify the early signs and symptoms of prostate cancer so that it can be treated at its earliest.

9 Early Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer:

1. Trouble with Urination:

The person with prostate cancer will feel more pressure while urinating. This pressure could be in the form of pain that can vary from mild to extreme.

2. Frequent Urge to Urinate:

Along with trouble experienced while urination, a person affected with prostate cancer will feel the urge to urinate far more frequently than not. In general, men can hold urine for a considerably longer time and the urge to urinate is also lesser than that in women, so if you notice you are taking the rounds of the washroom far too much, here is your warning sign.

3. Blood in Urine:

With the pain and difficulty in urination, one may also see some blood loss. This is not a common symptom to be overlooked and requires urgent medical attention.

4. Difficulty in commencing and maintaining Urination:

A man with this disease is going to find it difficult to commence urinating even though he may feel the urge to urinate. As we read above, urination may cause pain. While controlling the urination even until he takes the loo may cause such a person to experience pain.

5. Difficulty achieving and maintaining erection:

Since this gland is closely related to the reproductive system of a man, it is natural for an affected person to not be able to attain erection effectively. Even when erection is achieved, one may not be able to maintain it for a long time. This also affects the sexual life of the person.

6. Discomfort in Pelvic Area:

The area around the pelvic bones may begin to feel uneasy and painful. This is a clear sign of a problem that would emerge shortly.

7. Blood in Semen:

The prostate gland produces fluids in semen. Due to cancerous cells growing in this gland, one may also notice blood in this fluid present in the semen.

8. Bone Pain:

This symptoms may occur at an advanced stage of cancer development. The bones of spine, femur, pelvis and ribs may begin to ache and pain. This pain is sometimes unbearable and excruciating.

9. Bone Fractures:

With pains in the bones, the chances of fractures may also increase at an advanced stage of prostate cancer.

Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer:

Since the exact cause of Prostate Cancer cannot be identified, the following are the risk factors which can be closely linked to the possibility of being affected with this type of cancer:

1. Age of the man:

Prostate Cancer is most commonly found among men over the age of 45-50 years. It usually targets men in their middle age. This cancer does not commonly affect younger men.

2. Geographical Domination:

This cancer was more prevalent in areas of North America, Northwestern Europe, in the Caribbean Islands and in Australia. The reason for which remain unclear. The possibilities are high that there is no connection of this cancer to these geographical locations at all.

3. Genetic Factors:

Most cancers are caused due to genetic factors. Breast Cancer is an example for the same among women. A person whose father or brother has suffered prostate cancer is at a higher risk of having it himself than those with no such background. The risk is further elevated where a person’s identical twin has been diagnosed with prostate cancer.

4. Diet of a person:

Though there are studies to support that a diet which includes a lot of red meat and dairy products could be blamed for this Cancer, nothing seems to be confirm in this regard too. It cannot be said for a matter of surety that one’s not consuming red meat or dairy products are free from the being the target of prostate cancer.

5. Obesity:

According to a few doctors, obesity could be linked directly to Prostate Cancer. However, the opinions in this regard are divided wherein some experts suggest that there is no clear link between obesity and prostate cancer.

Stages of Prostate Cancer:

The stages of prostate cancer depend solely upon the development rate of the cancerous cells. At Stage 0, the tumor has neither spread nor affected the gland too deeply. By the time the development reaches Stage 4, the chances are that the cancer cells may have invaded distant site organs. This is the reason for pain and fracture of bones in the ribs, pelvic regions, femur and spine.

Preventive Measures from Prostate Cancer:

1. Choosing a healthy Diet:

Include in your plate more of vegetables and fruits. Fruits and vegetables of all seasons have their nutritional share of value. Check out a list of Super Foods for best nutritional value for your body. Use these in your diet instead of high fat foods.

2. Avoid Using Supplements:

Though none of the studies have shown to prove any involvement of supplements in prostate cancer, it is best advisable that you have fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins and minerals instead of using medicinal supplements.

3. Exercise:

It has been concluded after some research that men who do not exercise are at a higher risk of having prostate cancer than men who do. Exercising also keeps you healthy and active in your life.

4. Weight Control measures:

Resort to measures for efficient weight maintenance. If your doctors suggest you are over weight, make sure you take measures to reduce it. It could keep a lot of other diseases and disorders away from your body.

5. Discuss with your Doctor:

If you feel there is a risk you would also get prostate cancer, take your concern to your doctor even if you do not have the problem at present. Get periodical tests done to ensure your safety. Take advice from your doctor regarding various therapies and if you need them in order to prevent the problem. You may want to check the best cancer hospitals in New York for the same.

Since the cancer is treatable and does not involve a risk of death, your slight vigilance will only ensure the problem from aggravating. This will reduce the suffering your body may have to go through. Stay Vigilant, Stay Health is the key to the solution of this disease.


Shabnam Vandeliwala

Venturing into writing is my second most admired hobby after litigating in courts. An advocate by profession, writing gives me immense sense of satisfaction especially in the time that I'm free from other work.

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