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What is Nausea? Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

what is nausea

What is Nausea?

Have you ever felt wobbly and had a vomiting sensation? Have you ever experienced a dizzy feeling which made you feel disoriented? If this is your case, then you have suffered from nausea. Nausea causes a sense of discomfort in the deep stomach pit and makes you feel puckish. Nausea can have prolonged and short-term effects and can affect the gastrointestinal tract. It can cause an upset stomach and also get those anxiety thrills running down your spines. It cannot be related to disease but can yes, of course, cause different disorders in the human body. It makes a person feel uncomfortable and lets out a continuous urge of vomiting to the person suffering from nausea. So let us now discuss in detail the causes symptoms and treatments for nausea.

Causes of Nausea

Nausea is an imbalance or discomfort in the stomach which gives a vomiting sensation and makes a person feel sick. It causes uneasiness and vomiting and even raises an intense pain running down your chest. Talking regarding the causes of nausea, below listed are few reasons which cause a person to nauseate.

  • Overeating
  • Emotional stress
  • Heart attack
  • Drug side effects
  • Motion sickness
  • Alcoholic addiction
  • Food poisoning

There can be multiple reasons which can cause nausea and arise a feeling of giddiness. Thus you need to take control over it before it adds on to the troubles of your life.

Risk factors of nausea

Nausea may seem to be a small word but can pose a high risk to humans. The suffering of nausea can also lead to the following issues:

  • Migraine problems
  • Brain tumour
  • Appendicitis
  • Meningitis
  • Concussion

So if you are suffering from nausea symptoms, make it a point that you seek medical advice. This can be dangerous if the nausea symptoms exceed more than a week. Thus proper medications are highly essential.

Symptoms of Nausea

Below listed are the symptoms of nausea which can help you find out if you rare suffering from it.

1. Headache

Nausea is often associated with nausea which stands as a common sign to diagnose if a person is suffering from nausea. Especially if someone is suffering from a migraine headache, then there is quite a probability of the same person suffering from nausea as well.

2. Anxiety

Anxiety increases the fight and flight reactions thus can activate your autonomic nervous system. Anxiety can result in a greater portion of the blood flowing into muscles instead of the digestive system organs and thus can cause nausea. The stress hormones namely epinephrine, cortisol, etc. also get into the blood during anxiety circumstances and causes an increase in the stomach contraction which may make one feel nauseated. Thus one should be able to manage their anxiousness to avoid any such symptoms of nausea.

3. Dehydration

Dehydration can also be a cause for nausea. Dehydration is the case when your body loses water and does not have enough fluids for the proper functioning of the body. It is believed that when your body has less water, the water and blood mixture is first sent to the most important body parts of a human that is the heart and brain. But in this case, other gastrointestinal tract organs lack water and blood flood flow coming their way. This further results in causing nausea. So it is mandatory that a person takes up a good amount of water intake to prevent these nausea symptoms. It is said that a person should consume at least 8 litres of water a day.

4. Low blood sugar level

Low blood sugar levels can also be a symptom for nausea. Hormones play a very important role in regulating the blood sugar level. But in case of hypoglycaemia, when the blood sugar level goes down, glucagon and epinephrine hormones have to play their part in producing sugar for your body. In such cases, there are chances of a person being nauseated and get a queasy feeling in their stomach. Thus it is required that person maintains a steady level of sugar to stay away from nausea symptoms by taking low glycaemic index contents. Also one needs to take care that they follow a proper meal timing and have a habit of consuming periodic meals all through the day.

5. Acid refluxes

It is believed that GERD which is commonly known as gastroesophageal reflux disease can also cause nausea. This happens because the gastric acids get released in an upward direction and find its path to the oesophagus. Oesophagus, as we all know, is the track that connects our mouth to our stomach has a very delicate lining towards the inner side and these gastric acids can cause considerable damage to the inner side causing a person to nauseate. Not only can it hamper the oesophagus lining but can also cause heartburn, chest pain, problems in swallowing food, throat ache, etc. To avoid acid refluxes, one needs to take care that they quit on smoking and consumption of fatty, spicy and acidic content foods.

6. Peptic ulcers

Peptic ulcers are also a cause for nausea; they occur due to H pylori bacteria which causes infection. In this case, the acid contents invade the stomach’s mucosal lining leading to a sore or wound you may suppose. This causes a burning sensation and makes a person feel nausea. To stay away from peptic ulcers, it is necessary to maintain hygiene and wash your hands properly before consuming food. It will prevent you from falling prey to pylori infection.

7. Allergies

Allergies can also be a cause for you to nauseate. If you are allergic to something and if you happen to encounter a face to face contact then there are chances that you will get watery eyes, throat pain and sneezing sensations for sure. These symptoms can further result in nausea. Thus to avoid such a situation, a person should consider taking medications before it becomes worse.

Diagnosis of Nausea

Nausea can be diagnosed by undergoing a physical examination. You can seek medical advice, and with the help of your medical history and few tests, the doctors can get you the reasons behind your illness. Medical assistance is necessary because it can help in detecting any such symptoms which can be a source for triggering nausea in an individual.

Treatments for nausea:

Nausea is a common ailment that can hit you sometime or the other. But it needs to be dealt with care to get rid of it. Here are few home remedies that you can use for treating nausea to get instant solutions.

1. Ginger

Ginger is a very effective veggie that you can use for treating nausea and other nausea related symptoms like diarrhoea, stomach ache, etc. It has certain digestive juices that can cure nausea symptoms and ease out the nervous and digestive system.

2. Peppermints

Peppermints can be a saviour if you are feeling nauseated. Peppermint aroma can cut down on the whirling sensation and get you a bit of relaxation.

3. Vitamin B6

Vitamins have a major role to play in sorting out issues related to digestion. One can consume B6 vitamin tablets to get rid of nausea symptoms. It is best suitable for nausea in pregnant women who prefer skipping on nausea medications.

4. Lemons

Lemons are a very handy thing that you can have to reduce the nausea sensation. The citrus acid can work the magic and reduce the unsteadiness that one might be feeling.

Medications for nausea

Antiemetics are the medications that are used for treating nausea and can help in lowering down the severities. Below are a few medications that you can take for nausea after proper consultation and prescriptions from a doctor:

Emetrol

Emetrol helps in curing nausea and is an oral medication that can be taken after doctor’s prescription. It has phosphoric acid and sugar concentrates which soothe down the stomach and gives relief.

Antacids

Antacids are the very basic medicines that you can take for solving issues of heartburn and indigestion which are symptoms of acquiring nausea.

Bismuth subsalicylate

Bismuth subsalicylate is effective in providing relief from nausea and has Pepto Bismol contents which can soothe the stomach linings and get you relief. This medication should be strictly taken after consulting a doctor as it is not suitable for people who are allergic to aspirin. Even pregnant women also need to have a prescription before consuming this medication as it may prove harmful for the foetus due to the active ingredients of subsalicylate.

Anti-Anxiety drugs

As we have already discussed above anxiety can also make you feel nauseated, in this case, anti-anxiety drugs can help. These drugs can help in reducing stress and relax a person.

Meclizine hydrochloride

Meclizine hydrochloride also serves as an effective solution for treating nausea and can give the best results. But it is important to note that this medicine should not be consumed by children below twelve years of age at any cost. Apart from the minors, this medicine should be taken after medical prescription as it may cause drowsiness and thus needs to be taken with proper precautions.

Moving ahead of the cure methods if you want to prevent yourself from encountering nausea and falling sick, you need to follow the given precautions:

  • High intake of water all day
  • Avoid skipping of meals
  • Avoid in between consumption of fluids
  • Consumption of dry fruits during the morning

Final Thoughts

Nausea is not a disease that you need to be scared of, but it’s not a good sign as well. In a few cases, the symptoms go off as it came but depending on the conditions you need to opt for medications and remedies to get a total cure for the same.

Sagar Papneja

For me, health is about sustainable living and consuming environmentally conscious food; I am a vegan.