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How To Stop Bleeding? Home Remedies and Steps to Treat Cuts or Wounds

Bleeding can be defined as a loss of blood from blood vessels in the body. It can be spurred through injuries and certain medical conditions. Heavy bleeding or excessive blood loss can result in severe damage to some organs of the body. In extreme situations, uncontrollable bleeding can even cause death. Hence, if someone is experiencing a blood loss, the first step shall be to work quickly to stop blood loss. Most people do not know basic first aid for how to stop bleeding.

How to Stop Bleeding?

Methods to Stop Bleeding

Cuts and Wounds

Sometimes the surface of skin gets scrapped or cut in mundane events.  To cover up with the damaged blood vessels and clean up the wound, the body reacts by bleeding. However, an excess of such bleeding can even lead the body and mind to go into the state of shock.

The urgency of the wound cannot be determined by the amount of blood-loss created. As, certain serious wound and cut bleed a little, though hold a severely damaging effect to the body. In ascertaining the urgency, the area of wound shall also be accounted. Nosebleeds are scary but not life threatening. They are easily curable at home. There are certain parts of the body like abdominal and chest that are more sensitive and can amount to internal bleeding. The person shall always look out for symptoms like- uneven breaths, alleviated heartbeats, dizziness and weakness in his body.

Steps to Treat a Minor Cut or Non-threatening Wound-

  • Wash It Out

Rinsing the wound or cut with water will do the trick. Cold water helps in constricting the blood vessels while hot water aids in searing the wound. However, the use of water shall be restricted to cold or hot, i.e. both shall not be applied at the same time. Alternatively, the same results can be achieved through ice cubes or hot showers.

  • Apply Pressure

Get a clean piece of cotton or tissue and apply it against the wound. Gently put pressure on it and hold it for a few minutes. Then check if the blood stops. In case the blood gets soaked in cotton or tissue, replace it with a clean one and repeat the steps.

Home Remedies to Apply to Stop Bleeding

  • Petroleum Jelly

Petroleum jelly can be found in various cosmetic products, such as lip balms and Vaseline. The waxy texture of petroleum jelly forms a layer over blood vessels, thereby stopping the blood and providing time to clot the wound. This method is such efficient and effective that its uses can be traced in boxing and martial arts octagon.

  • Tea Bags

Under this method, the tea bag shall be cooled off in the refrigerator. To proceed, apply the refrigerated tea bag against the wound. The method is popular, as tannins -a hemostatic, is commonly found in tea. Such a hemostatic facilitates in constricting the blood vessels and clotting the wound. It also works as an antiseptic providing protection against bacterial infections.

  • Styptic Pencil

These pencils are originally used in serving razor cuts and burns while shaving. However, the following can also be used for treating the wound and helping in control in limiting the blood loss. These pencils cause an unpleasant sensation at the time of contact, but within a few minutes, the pain goes away.

  • Witch Hazel

Witch hazel is a shrub found in the North- America and is readily available in pharmacies and medical stores. It is commonly available in liquid form and acts as a natural astringent in treating the wound. Apply it directly on the wound or dab it through the cotton ball and wait to let the blood stop. The major concern to be accounted for is a reputable source of the seller.

  • Vinegar

Employ white vinegar on the wound to disinfect the cut. Just like witch hazel, Vinegar is a natural astringent which helps in constructing the blood vessel and thereby clotting the wound. The popularity of this method lies in the availability of such component as an ordinary household item.

  • Antiperspirant

Antiperspirant can be found in your deodorant. Its enriched with aluminium chloride, a component well known for shrinking the sweat gland and thereby constricting blood vessels. In a study conducted, it was found that aluminium chloride is the fastest and most effective method in the treatment of external bleeding.

  • Listerine

Commonly used as an aftershave, Listerine holds the quality to disinfect the wound and regulate in restricting the blood loss. Apply it over a fresh cotton ball or tissue and dab it against the wound. Continue to put some pressure for a minute or two and check for stoppage of bleeding.

  • Mouthwash

Commonly used as an oral hygiene item, mouthwash is made with a dilution of alcohol. It is a natural astringent used for constricting the blood vessels and thereby clotting the wound. The same can be an effective tool for the treatment of dental bleeding. However, the liquid shall not be gurgle around as it may lead to dislodge a clot.

  • Alum Block

Alum Block is a soap-like bar composed of minerals, used in regulation and restriction of blood loss. It is readily available in pharmacies and medical store. The major concern lies in the reputability of the seller. Wet the alum block and rub it on the cut or wound. Unlike other methods, there is no requirement to apply pressure over here, as minerals work the wonder by themselves.

  • Spider-Webs

If the cut or wound has been caused outdoor and there is no readily available item as mentioned in other methods. It is wisest to find a spider-web and apply it over the wound as this will ultimately help in constricting the blood vessels and restricting the blood flow. Make sure the webs are free of spiders.

Steps to Treat a Major or Threatening Wound 

  • Recline Yourself In A Comfortable Position

In case of a major wound, it is normal for your body to go in the state of panic or shock. To lessen the impact of shock, it is best to lie down and breathe. Look around for help or call an ambulance. If possible, try to elevate your legs or part of the body suffering from injury, as it helps in the regulation of blood loss to a certain extent. If you are helping someone facing the same, be sure to have a constant check of their breathing and blood circulation until help arrives.

  • Clean The Wound

Look for any major debris or foreign body lying on the wound and clean it. Do not aim for an exhaustive cleaning of the wound as your major concern lies in the regulation of blood loss. A thorough cleaning of the wound may make the case worse and do not bother of cleaning the wound if the injury is caused by a large foreign object, as in a knife. The significant point to remember is ‘not removing’ the foreign object. As it is holding on the blood vessel and removing it will cause a major chunk of blood loss.  The best step is to apply pressure on the wound area around the foreign object until help arrives.

  • Apply Pressure

To regulate and restrict the level of blood loss, the best available option is to apply pressure on the wound except for the point mentioned above. Look for a clean cloth and press it against the wound steadily. In case of an extreme situation of depravity, use your hand instead and firmly apply pressure. Such a pressure shall be applied continuously on the wound until you can get in contact with medical help.

  • Pressure Point

In the situations, where pressure alone can not serve in limiting the blood flow, the pressure shall be combined with pressure points. Apply pressure in between elbow and armpit – in case of lower arm wounds. Hence, this makes it important to be in the familiarity with pressure points and prepare for the worst of the situations.

How to Tackle Internal Bleeding?

Internal bleeding is difficult to identify or diagnose and is much more severe and damaging. Hence the occurrence of it requires immediate medical attention.

Symptoms of Internal Bleeding

-Dizziness

-Low Blood Pressure

-Vomiting

-A Severe Headache

-Vision Problem

-Numbness

Steps to resolve internal bleeding

  • Call An Ambulance

Internal bleeding cannot be aided at home, and urgent medical help is necessary. Hence the first step shall be to call for medical help if you can identify with the symptoms mentioned above.

  • Lie Down

The body reacts by going into the state of shock and panic. Hence the best option is to recline yourself in a comfortable position and lie down. Keep calm and focus on your breath until help arrives.

  • Manage Body Temperature

In the case of internal bleeding, the temperature of the body may drop to extreme edges. Keeping the body temperature of victim normal is important.  Rags dipped in water can be applied on the sufferer’s forehead to aid the following situation.

  • Monitor Breath

Monitoring the breath and pulse of the victim is important. The person shall keep an eye to identify any source of external bleeding, and if the same is found, appropriate actions shall be taken thereof. The following shall be done until help arrives.

 

These options might not be useful for all organs like nosebleed might work differently. Same goes for remedies for earbleeds or bleeding gums.

Sagar Papneja

For me, health is about sustainable living and consuming environmentally conscious food; I am a vegan.

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