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Tooth pain is one of the most common dental problem occurring in day to day life. Now a days almost every person has some or other dental problem causing pain in tooth and surrounding region. Almost every person experiences this dreadful pain at any age in their life. It can occur even in small children. Tooth pain can occur at any time without any warning sign. Anything can provoke it like sweets, cold water, hot water etc. Sometimes the pain aggravates on lying down and disturbs the sleep.
Tooth pain usually occurs due to inflammation of the pulp (center part of the tooth), or gums. The severity of pain may also vary from dull pain to throbbing pain. As tooth pain is a very common problem and can involve any person, one must know about types of tooth pain and some home remedies to get rid of the pain for the time being.
Types of Tooth Pain
Tooth pain can wake up the person in the middle of night. Based on the severity of pain it can be of two types. One is sharp, throbbing pain and other is dull pain. It depends upon the type of problem, duration of the problem and several other factors. Based upon the duration of pain, it can be acute pain or chronic pain. Tooth pain can be caused by both dental problems such as decay, infection etc and non- dental problems such as sinusitis, heart attack etc. So, the type of tooth pain should be identified first and then on can apply home remedies. Home remedies have limited use only.
1. Sharp Pain
Sharp tooth pain usually occurs when there is a small but deep cavity in the tooth. It can occur for a short duration or it can also be persistent. This type of pain usually occurs because of the pressure build up inside the tooth. It is very sharp, throbbing kind of pain and intolerable. Sweets, cold water or drinks usually provoke this type of pain. Some conditions where sharp pain can occur-
Fractured tooth– In this, the sharp pain typically occurs on releasing bite.
Infection in the gums etc.
2. Dull Pain
Dull tooth pain usually occurs when the tooth is grossly decayed and there is a big open cavity in the tooth. Gum problems can also cause dull pain. This type of pain is usually persistent and irritating. Hot water, sweets etc can provoke dull tooth pain.
Any type of tooth pain is a sign of some underlying problem. It indicates problems related to tooth, gums or even jaws. One should not ignore tooth pain and should consult a dentist as soon as possible. As tooth pain may occur at any time and even can disturb the sleep, one must know about the home remedies to get rid of the pain.
15. Home Remedies for Tooth Pain Treatment
Home remedies are also known as granny cure. One can try these natural home remedies for tooth pain relief. These remedies and their ingredients soothe the pain. Home remedies can help to relieve pain until you get proper treatment from the dentist.
1. Oil of Clove
It is an essential oil extracted from the clove plant and is also known as clove oil. There are three types of it, bud oil, leaf oil and stem oil. All these types contain eugenol as a basic ingredient. Eugenol is a phytochemical having natural anaesthetic, anti- inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It numbs the nerves and relieves from the pain.
Clove oil is unpleasant in taste and ingestion of clove oil can lead to several side effects such as- burning sensation etc. Clove oil should be used carefully. Put two- three drops of clove oil on a small cotton ball and then place it against the tooth or the tooth socket. While using this remedy on children, it should be diluted with a few drops of carrier oil eg. Olive oil. For better relief change the cotton pack with clove oil after 5-6 hours. One can also add a few drops of it to a glass of water for mouthwash. Mouthwash also helps in relieving pain.
Cloves are a spice native to Indonesia. Powered clove or dried whole clove also helps in relieving tooth pain and it has antioxidant properties. Same as oil of cloves, it contain eugenol which helps. To release its oil, chew the whole clove a little. Then place this little chewed clove in the painful area until the pain subsides.
3. Salt water rinse
Small amount of salt added to luke warm water acts as a disinfectant mouthwash. It helps to loosen the food debris stuck in between the teeth and in the cavities. Salt water rinse also prevent the bacterial growth. It reduces the swelling, boosts healing and relieves from sore throat and tooth pain. If there is an abscess or infection in the soft tissues and the pain is due to the abscess, salt water rinse may increase the swelling. The warmness of the gargle helps in spread of the infection. So salt water rinse should be used with caution and should not be used in any kind of tooth pain.
4. Ice fomentation or Cold compress
Ice fomentation or cold compress is helpful in relieving pain when there is any trauma causing bleeding. It constricts the blood vessels, slows down the flow of blood to the affected area and thereby reduces swelling and pressure build up in the affected area. Ice fomentation also numbs the nerves and helps in relieving pain.
5. Peppermint Tea
Peppermint tea has numbing property and it alleviate tooth pain. Menthol is active ingredient present in the peppermint. Menthol gives cool, minty flavour and it has numbing power. Peppermint tea, slightly warm and wet tea bags, and peppermint oil are useful for alleviating pain temporarily.
6. Hydrogen Peroxide Rinse
Hydrogen peroxide has antibacterial and bleaching properties. It also cleans food debris in the mouth. Diluted 3% hydrogen peroxide with equal amount of water is an effective mouthwash for cleaning the mouth and alleviating some discomfort. It can provide temporary relief from tooth pain. Higher concentrations of hydrogen peroxide are hazardous and may corrode many materials including skin. It should not be swallowed as its decomposition in the stomach releases large quantities of gas. It causes bloating. So hydrogen peroxide should be used with caution and should not be given to children.
7. Turmeric powder
Turmeric is a medicinal herb and spice. It contains curcumin. Curcumin has powerful analgesic and anti- inflammatory effects. Curcumin also has potent antioxidant properties. Turmeric paste, turmeric powder added to water etc are helpful to reduce tooth pain.
Garlic is a pungent smelling herb having peculiar taste. It has both culinary and medicinal purposes. Garlic contains several sulfur containing compounds which are responsible for the sharp flavour of it. It has analgesic and anti- inflammatory properties. The sulfur compounds exert its potent biological effects.
It contains thymol and it has antiseptic, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Thyme oil can be used as mouthwash. Few drops of thyme oil added to cotton ball and placing this cotton in the painful tooth also alleviates pain. Use of thyme tea or fresh thyme leaves also helps.
10. Aloe Vera Gel
Aloe Vera tooth gel cleanses and soothes teeth and gums. Latex of aloe contains anthraquinones, which have anti- inflammatory and analgesic power. It also helps in healing.
11. Cayenne Pepper
Cayenne pepper is a good source of capsaicin. Capsaicin has analgesic properties and topical use of it aids in controlling peripheral nerve pain.
12. Guava leaves
Guava leaves provide temporary relief from tooth pain. They have anti- inflammatory properties. These leaves also help in healing. Chewing of fresh guava leaves help in reducing pain. Boiling these leaves in water and using the water as mouthwash also helps. As it may provide only temporary relief, so one should consult dentist as soon as possible.
13. Vanilla Extract
Vanilla extract contains alcohol as an active ingredient. Alcohol has numbing properties. So, vanilla extract soothes tooth pain. One can use vanilla extract either by directly rubbing on painful tooth and gum or by applying it to cotton ball and then placing the cotton ball on the affected area.
14. Olive Oil
Olive oil has extensive use in cosmetics, culinary, medicine and soaps. It was also used as a fuel for traditional lamps. Olive oil can be used alone or with clove oil. It helps in reducing tooth pain and gum pain. Rinsing with mixture of olive oil and water prevents plaque formation. Thereby helps in reducing gums problems.
15. Acupressure Technique
For more than 2,000 years, acupressure is in practice. It may help in reducing tooth pain as well. Massage of the point with firm pressure helps in reducing the pain. There are some points for alleviating tooth pain. Gall bladder 21, small intestine 18, large intestine 4 etc are some of the points, which can help.
Tooth pain can ruin a meal, a day or even sleep. Sharp tooth pain is generally intolerable. Tooth pain indicates some underlying problem. One should never ignore it. Home remedies can just reduce the tooth pain but not the proper treatment and they have limited use only. Tooth pain requires proper consultation with dentist and proper treatment of the associated problem. So, one can just try these home remedies for temporary relief of pain. One must consult the dentist as soon as possible and get the treatment done.