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HERE ARE 10 MOST FAMOUS HISTORICAL MONUMENTS OF INDIA:-
TAJ MAHAL, AGRA:-
Securing the position in 7 wonders of the world, Mughal Emperor Shahjahan built this white marble mausoleum, in the memory of his wife Mumtaz, in 1653. Taj Mahal is the symbol of Love and devotion towards his wife. It is located on the south bank of river Yamuna, in the city of Agra. Along the way, it is surrounded by a beautiful garden. One must visit Taj Mahal and get lost in its beauty.
MYSORE PALACE, MYSORE:-
Mysore palace, rich in its architecture and beauty, is located in the centre of the city of Mysore. in Karnataka, southern India. It is also known as Ambavilas palace. It is the official residence of Wadiyar dynasty and seat of the kingdom of Mysore. Mysore is considered as ‘the city of palaces’ and this one is one of the most famous tourist attractions in India, after TAJ MAHAL.
HAWA MAHAL, JAIPUR:-
Image source- Beautiful Jaipur
Jaipur is the city with beautiful forts and monuments and Hawa mahal is one of its crown piece, built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. As the city of Jaipur is known by the name of Pink city, Hawa Mahal is also constructed of red and pink sandstone. It was so named because of its structure with 953 windows for passing of cool air and was originally built so that women of royal household could see street festivals, while unseen from outside.
QUTUB MINAR, DELHI:-
Image source- agniveer
Qutub Minar, being the 2nd tallest monument in India, was built by founder of Delhi sultanate, Qutub Ud-Din Aibak, later it was completed by his son-in-law, Iltutmish, and is located in the Capital of India, Delhi. It is surrounded by Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, which was built at the same time as the Minar, and the much older Iron Pillar of Delhi.
SANCHI STUPA, SANCHI:-
Image source- mysteriousindia
The great stupa at sanchi is the oldest stone monument in India, located on the hilltop at Sanchi town in Raisen district of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It was built by Ashoka in the 3rd century. Its nucleus is built over the relics of Buddha. This stupa reflects the gem of Buddhist art and sculpture from third century BC through the twelfth century AD. It attracts millions of visitors all over the world.
Image source- culturalindia
The Charminar is located on the east bank of Musi River in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. It has a mosque on the top floor, from over 400 years. It is said that charminar is situated in the centre of the city, to commemorate the eradication of cholera, as Muhammad Qulli Qutb Shah had prayed to end the plague that was killing the people and vowed to build mosque where he prayed. It is surrounded by local markets and famous local festival like Ramzan is celebrated here.
GATEWAY OF INDIA, BOMBAY:-
The main tourist attraction in Bombay, it was built in 1924 for the landing of Britishers who traveled through Sea route. It was originally built for the arrival of King George V and Queen Mary. After the end of British rule, it has become a tourist hub and gathering place for local people. Buzzing throughout the day with photographers and street vendors, Gateway has the Taj Hotel opposite it.
CELLULAR GAIL, ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLAND:-
During the struggle for India’s independence, many freedom fighters were prisoners in this cellular jail, built in 1906, in Andaman and Nicobar Island. It is also known as ‘kalaa pani’. The prison was used by British, to exile political prisoners to the remote archipelago. Today, it serves as a national monument of India.
CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ TERMINUS, MUMBAI:-
It is one of the busiest stations of India serving long run routes train to commuter trains and was formerly known as Victoria terminus. It was built in 1887 around Bori Bunder, in Mumbai, in honour of Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. The name was changed to Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus, in the honour of the founder of Maratha Empire. Now, it is renamed as CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ TERMINUS and is the UNESCO world heritage site in Mumbai. It was also threatened during attack of 27/11.
VICTORIA MEMORIAL, KOLKATA:-
Image source- Wikimedia commons
Victoria memorial lies on the maiden by the bank of the Hugli River in Kolkata, West Bengal, and was built in 1921. It is dedicated in the memory of Queen Victoria. It has a large garden around it and is built with white marble. Now, it is a museum and tourist place under the auspices of the ministry of culture. It has 25 galleries, including royal gallery, national leader gallery, portrait gallery, central hall, sculpture gallery, and the new Calcutta gallery.
When it comes to great architecture, our country has always had a top notch game. You can check out the List of Best 10 Villages in India for Wanderlust.