Diaper Rash: Causes, Treatment, Risk Factors and Home Remedies


Predominantly, diaper rash is one term which notifies skin irritation across the area that has been kept covered with a diaper for longer hours. These mature in regions that are both moist and warm. You will find these under your baby’s nappy. Either they appear as red lines across the crotch of your baby or splotches around your lower skin of the baby, majorly red coloured. This skin inflammation is because of untreated diapers, sensitivity to skin or chaffing. Masses who are the common takeaway of diapers experience this frequently. Though it might seem alarming, yet a simple tweak would help you resolve the matter.

Skin rash or diaper rash is most common among small kids majorly the ones that are below two years. However, it can occur in any individual who wears a diaper regularly. Though there could be several skin related issues that promote a diaper rash, the most common reason is not changing diapers frequently or keeping the area moist with diapers on. In case your baby or someone you know is suffering from a diaper rash, then advice the same to keep the area clean and pat dry.

Causes of Diaper Rash

There is a list of reasons that aid the presentation of diaper rash.

1. Stool or Urine Irritation:

Continous exposure to urine can cause skin inflammation under your baby’s nappy. Additionally, if your baby is experiencing diarrhoea, he/she is more likely to witness diaper rash as stool cause more skin irritation as compared to urine.

2. Irritation is owing to a different product used:

Your baby’s skin is raw, and you might have no idea what suits the skin or what has a side effect on the same. It could be the baby wipes, the new diaper used, bleach or detergent or a fabric softener for the cloth diapers. It could be anything. In some cases, it is seen that the skin of a baby is susceptible to a few lotions or powders.

3. Rubbing or chaffing:

Diapers that appear too tight might cause discomfort and also skin rashes.

4. Fungal Infection:

Though it might appear as a simple skin infection, it can flare further. Since the areas covered by the diaper as the thighs, genitals and the buttocks are both moist as well as warm, it gives ample room for the bacteria to grow. These develop around the skin creases and are visibly red.

5. Sensitivity To Food:

Now as your baby is growing, you would feed him solid foods. And as the babies start consuming food, their faces might change. This might cause stool changes, and an increased stool passage might lead to rashes across the butt. The frequent stool additionally aggravates the skin and forms rashes. For breastfed babies, something that the mother ate reacted adversely on the health of the children.

6. Skin Sensitivity:

Babies they have a sensitive skin such as the dermatitis are more prone to having a diaper rash. And this condition affects not only the diaper-covered area but also the adjacent areas.

7. Antibiotics:

Antibiotics are the ones that deter the growth of bacteria irrespective of it’s kind. But sometimes, it may so happen that they deplete the yeast growth. This leads to rashes owing to the yeast infection. Additionally, the infection caused by yeast leverages the risk of diarrhoea.

Risk Factors for Diaper Rash 

A baby’s skin is highly sensitive, and you might never know when and how does it lead to rashes across the diaper-covered area. Likewise, few factors promote the growth of rashes. Few of them includes:

  • Infants of age less than two years are more likely to have diaper rashes.
  • Excessive diarrhoea leads to skin irritation followed by diaper rash.
  • Irregular diaper changes.
  • Any dermatological disorder.
  • Excessive wiping
  • Excessive detergent
  • Wrapping babies in wrapper all the time.
  • Skin infection
  • Oral antibiotics
  • Plastic underpants

Signs and Symptoms of Diaper Rash

Though the indications are largely prominent, yet few symptoms that affirm the presence of diaper rash. The most effective ways by which a diaper rash is characterised includes:

  • Skin Indications: You can very well predict a diaper rash as they appear red and are too tender as they cover the thighs, genitals, and buttocks.
  • Altered Disposition: A sudden change in the mood of your baby while you replace diapers. The baby is more likely to cry or fuss while his/her diaper is being changed.


Though you can effectively treat diaper rashes at your home yet if you feel that the rash is worsening as each day passes and is also accompanied by a fever, then it is advisable to consult a doctor. The doctor would look out for the various causes of the rash. He might ask you several questions about the food you have given to your baby or the kind of diaper you use for your baby. Additionally, he might be cautious about the medications you have given to your baby or the several home remedies, and you tried to cure the rash.

Treatment for Diaper Rash

The most efficient way to stay away from diaper rashes is to keep the area clean and dry. In case the rash does not go away, you might seek medical aid. Your doctor would prescribe several medications and ointment or lotions to heal the rash. Though the same cures within few days yet if the rash persists for a longer period, then you should consult a skin specialist.

Home Remedies for Diaper Rash 

Diaper rashes are a common phenomenon and can be effectively cured at your house. Few of the common remedies are:

  • Keep the area of diaper both dry and clean

One of the most common reasons for a diaper rash is a wet and moist area. Hence, it is advised that you keep the area clean. Try changing the diaper of the baby email the area is clean and soiled. This might also require you to get up late at night to change the diaper, but you need to do this. After cleaning the area, you can try applying an ointment or a paste to soothe the itchiness if present. Few products such as petroleum jelly help keep the entire area moisturised and nourished. However, make sure that you do not scratch the area, the next time you are changing the diaper. This will only add to discomfort for the baby. In case you want to clean the lotion, use a cotton ball dipped in mineral oil.

  • Enhance the air flow

One of the best ways to heal a diaper rash is to increase the airflow to the region damped due to diaper rash. Some of the things you can try doing are deter the use of plastic pants or the diaper covers. In case your baby has a rash, try using bigger size diapers while there is a diaper rash. Let your baby stay without diapers for a while, increased air exposure to the diaper region not just heals the rash but also reduces the probability of your baby being fussy.

  • Bathing Daily

Mild water along with a bar of soap would help you soothe the skin of your baby. Bathe your child daily every day until the rashes diminish. Frequent washing would lead to a more moisturised area of the baby.

  • Application Of Ointment

Most of the medications given for the treatment of the diaper rashes do not require a prescription. You can either consult a doctor or the pharmacist for recommendations. Few of the most common medicine prescribed for the treatment of diaper rash includes Blamex, A+D, Desitin, Lotrimin, and Triple Paste.

Also, Vaseline jellies can be used to heal the rash. Additionally, they are inexpensive and easily available and has lesser dyes or perfumes as compared to all another ointment. But one thing you need to make sure of is that these do not stick to the diapers and would be too hard to remove.

  • Cortisone

Most of the doctors recommend the application of hydrocortisone in the diaper effected area. However, make sure that you do not use excessive of the cream as it would pave the way for multiple side effects. Only after you have consulted a doctor and affirmed the use of cortisone on the diaper affected area, continue the use of same.


Having said all of the above, it is very important that you keep a track at what your baby is doing and how do small things affect the same. You need to see how does your baby reacts to different foods and whether he/she is not susceptible to them. Also, you should keep a check at how frequently your baby passes stool. The frequent passage leads to skin irritation, and this improves the risk of developing a diaper rash.

Also, make sure about the quality of diaper you are using. Most of the time, a poor quality diaper or the plastic diapers lead to diaper rashes. Try using a cellulose covered diapers as they have a gelling material and it is good for the skin of the baby.

Sagar Papneja

For me, health is about sustainable living and consuming environmentally conscious food; I am a vegan.

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