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6 Main Causes Nosebleeds in Children- When to Worry?

Nosebleeds are scary in any age. You notice each and every movement of your baby. Extra care, added measures to ensure maximum safety. But what if you suddenly, notice blood oozing out of the nose of your beloved child. Scared? Tensed? Panicking? All are acceptable, after all, it’s your baby. You have proper care, and you wonder how on Earth did this blood come from?

Well, to make you aware of the fact, kids aged 3-10 are highly prone to having a nosebleed. It could be either due to dry air or the constant scratching or pricking of the nose. Yes, they do look scary at the first exposure but don’t worry they are not too severe and can be effectively treated at your home.

Posterior vs Interior- Types of Nosebleeds in Children

Depending upon the origin of the bleeding, it could either be deemed as posterior or anterior. The former occurs when the blood oozes from deep inside of the nose. Also, this kind of nosebleed is very rare among kids and occurs only when there has been an injury of his face or majorly the nose.

The other type being the anterior nosebleeding. This kind of nosebleeding is prevalent among kids, and the blood comes out from the nose front. The primary cause behind the occurrence of such a nosebleed is rupturing of the blood vessel as present inside the nose and also known as capillaries.

Causes of Nosebleeds in Kids

Though there are no proven facts that suggest the onset of a nosebleed, yet few of the common culprits are stated below:

1. Dry Air:

It could either be indoor heating or outdoor heating, but the primary cause of nosebleeds in children is dry air. Dry air is found to cause both irritation and dehydration of the nasal membranes.

2. Picking and Scratching:

It is one of the most common causes of nosebleeds in kids. When children indulge into continuously picking and scratching of the nose, it leads to irritation of the blood vessels and then results into nosebleeding.

3. Cold or sinus:

Children mostly kids of the age 3-10 are exposed to frequent nasal congestion or illness that leads to nose irritation. This, in turn, leads to nosebleeding.

4. Allergies:

Allergies pave the way for a battery of problems. Medication taken to soothe the itchiness or the running nose are largely capable of drying out the nasal membrane which in turn leads to nosebleeding.

5. Trauma:

Another common cause of nosebleeding among kids is nose injury. Though it does not pose any serious threat to your health, yet if the bleeding does not stop after repetitive efforts then you must seek medical attention. You should wait for a maximum of ten minutes, after that if the bleeding persists then you should visit the doctor at the earliest.

6. Significant Bacterial Infection:

Owing to the presence of bacterial infection inside the nose, it turns red and leads to soreness and crusted skin inside the nose. Also, the front part of the nose gets damaged. All of this combine to cause nose bleeding.

Having stated all of the above, frequent causes of the bleeding in nose includes the presence of abnormal blood vessels, internal problems related to blood clotting, etc. In case, the cause of nosebleed in your child does not map with all the reasons stated above; it’s high time you visit a doctor.

Prevention of Nosebleeds in Children

If your child experiences frequent nosebleeds, then ask your doctor if you can use a nose drop mainly composed of saline water each day. Taking such preventive measures assure that the dry climate does not have an adverse effect on your child or when the furnace is active, the same does not induce any health problems to your child. As a precautionary measure, you can add a humidifier to your home so that the level of humidity inside your house is healthy.

Symptoms of Nosebleeds In Kids

The most evident and visible symptoms of nosebleeding are blood running out of the nose of your child. The bleeding that occurs from the membranes of the mucus from the nose front majorly oozes out of a single nostril. However, if the bleeding occurs from a higher nasal cavity, then you might notice, the blood flow from both the nostrils. Predominantly, the bleeding in the nose does not induce pain. In case the bleeding is because of an internal injury, then the bleeding could be largely painful. Also, the presence of sore tissue inside the nose might cause discomfort and pain.

Several health problems might also lead to a nosebleed. So it is advisable that you keep a check on the other symptoms as well.

Treatment of Nosebleeds in Children

The first thing you need to do when your child’s nose is bleeding, have him seated on a chair. It is evident that your child would panic and wail but calm him to treat further. Following the steps are given below to affirm hassle-free treatment.

1. Have your child seated upright and then try to tilt his head slightly forward. If the head of the child is pushed backwards, then this would push back the blood to your throat. Following this, your child might feel discomfort and lead to coughing and vomiting as it tastes terrible.

2. Apply a little pressure at the soft part of the nose adjacent to the nasal bridge. Make sure that your child is breathing via his mouth while you pinch his nose. Keep doing this for alteast 10 minutes as if you stop early; then this would induce greater bleeding. To reduce the flow of blood, you can try applying ice on the nose.

Most of the children witness nosebleed only for a fraction of time with no further indications. For cases where you notice frequent nosebleeds in your child, make a point to keep the nasal membrane of your child’s nose moist. To attain this, you can try one of the following:

  • A nasal spray that has mist saline can be used to moisten the lining of the nose. You need to do this at least 3-4 times a day for maximum advantage.
  • In order to prevent dry air inside the room of your child, you can use a vaporizer in his bedroom. This would rule out the cause of dry air to prevent nose bleeding.
  • Also, you can use Vaseline or Lanolin to moisten the nostrils. Use a cotton bud or even your finger to apply the same.
  • To rule out allergies or irritation inside the nose lining, you should keep a check at the nails of your child. Trim and clean them frequently to avoid scratches or irritation

When to Worry?

Seeing such a bad condition of your child would aggravate your thoughts and compel you to consider that nosebleed could be serious. To ease out your concern, not all kids have a nosebleed, and also if a child experiences a nose bleeding, the frequency is rare. Few of them experience frequent nosebleeds.  The above happens only when the inner lining of the nose of your child is highly irritated there you exposing the inner blood vessels to bleed even at minute instigation.

When To Seek Medical Aid?

In case the nosebleed persists for a longer time, then you should straight away call your doctor. 10 minutes is the maximum wait time after which you need to take medical aid. Several other situations when it is imperative to consult a doctor include:

  • When the nosebleed is majorly due to an injury in the nose or the head. This is something serious, and so you should not take a risk. Seek medical advice as soon as you notice a nosebleed due to a blow either in a head or the nose.
  • In case, the nosebleed is the result of the insertion of a foreign object inside the nose.
  • The side effect of several medicines might cause nosebleed and so the same needs to be initiated to the doctor as soon as possible.
  • If the nose bleeding is accompanied with any other bleeding such as the gum. You are expected to seek medical advice as early as possible.
  • If apart from nosebleeding, you experience bruises all over the body.

Having said all of the above, it is evident that nosebleeds are not a serious issue and also common among children. However, this does not indicate that you would leave the same untreated. Any small symptoms if not taken care of could lead to a significant disease. So, whenever you see any unusual behavior in your child, take utmost care to cure the same. Also, whenever necessary seek medical aid. It’s good to opt for home remedies, but medical advice is always the best way to assure the health of your child. No matter if you have treated the nosebleed effectively if it repeats visit a doctor as early as possible. Also, if you witness a nosebleed, then you can try taking preventive measures to be on the safer side and avoid any further problem in your child.

Sagar Papneja

For me, health is about sustainable living and consuming environmentally conscious food; I am a vegan.

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