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Turn on the faucet at your home and water comes out of it!!
In fact, there is always water coming out of it. Logically, if there is ceaseless water coming out of the faucet, it means we have collected it somewhere?
Ever thought about this storing place? A place which is holding water for so many Indian homes? Cutting to the chase, this place is called a reservoir. A reservoir is a man-made lake created by building a dam. Also, there are many other purposes of building a dam. The domestic ones include cooking, washing, bathing and most importantly, drinking. The other ones include controlling floods, electricity generation, irrigation and recreational activities.
India with almost 4300 large dams, has progressed immensely after their development. These Dam spots have also become one of the picked tourist places. Today, India is one of the most prolific dam builders in the world, and this talent has served the advancement of our country well. Some of the biggest dams in India are given below:
An interesting starting fact?
A Dam provides an ideal environment for different species residing in India.
1. Tehri Dam -Uttaranchal
Statistical data of Tehri dam:
- Height: 260 meters
- Length: 575 meters
- Type: Earth and rock-fill
- Reservoir Capacity: 2,100,000 acre·ft
- Installed capacity: 1,000 MW
Image Credit: Hindustan Times
The Tehri dam, which is the highest dam in India is built on Bhagirathi river in Uttrakhand, India. It is also the 2nd highest in Asia and 8th highest in the World. The total cost involved in constructing this dam was around 8000 crores and it was expected to generate about 2400 megawatts of electricity.
The advantages of this dam include providing clean drinking water for 40 lakh people in Delhi, drinking water for 30 lakh people around Uttrakhand, less flood in the low-level areas, employment generation for the local people, increase in the tourism sector, and 2400 crores profit to the central government every year. However, the Tehri dam’s location on the Himalayan foothills has created concerns about its stability in the recent years. The dam is supposed to withstand an earthquake of 8.4 magnitudes while the estimation of magnitude by some of the seismologists surpasses the highest withstanding limit. https://www.ohbeautydirect.com/
2. Bhakra Nangal Dam -Himachal Pradesh
Statistical data of Bhakra Nangal dam:
- Height: 226 meters
- Length: 520 meters
- Type: Concrete gravity (made from concrete or stone-masonry)
- Reservoir Capacity: 7,501,775 acre·ft
- Installed capacity: 1325 MW
Image Credit: Dailypost.in
The first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, initiated the foundation of Bhakra Nangal Dam. Built-in 1963 across the river Sutlej, Himachal Pradesh, this dam is also known as ‘Gobind Sagar Lake’. Considered as the highest gravity dam in the world and India’s second tallest dam, it was also termed as ‘New Temple of Resurgent India’. 10 million acres of fields in Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan get irrigated through this dam. The generation of power that is substantiated by this dam is distributed in 5 major states: Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, and Delhi.
‘Gobind Sagar’ which is the reservoir of Bhakra Nangal Dam also homes an endangered species of fishes, ‘Mahseer’.
3. Sardar Sarovar Dam -Gujarat
Statistical data of Sardar Sarovar Dam:
- Height: 163 meters
- Length:1,210 meters
- Type: Gravity Dam (made from concrete or stone-masonry)
- Reservoir Capacity: 7,701,775 acre·ft
- Installed capacity: 1,450 MW
Image Credit: Tripadvisor
Getting built on the sacred Narmada River, Gujarat, Sardar Sarovar Dam is also known as ‘Narmada Dam’. The dam will be mainly constructed to benefit four states of India: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. Narendra Modi initiated the foundation of this dam on his 67th birthday in the year 2017. The biggest advantage that is promised through this dam is clean drinking water for almost 4 crores Gujaratis, employment for 1 million people, valuable electric power and irrigation of 22000 hectares of land.
4. Hirakud Dam -Orissa
Statistical data of Hirakud Dam:
- Height: 60.96 meters
- Length: 25.8 km
- Type: Composite Dam
- Reservoir Capacity: 4,779,965 acre·ft
- Installed capacity: 307.5 MW
Image Credit: Tripadvisor
Build across the Mahanadi River, Odisha, Hirakud Dam is one of the longest dams in the world with a length of 26 km. You can enjoy the glimpse of this beautiful dam from two viewpoints, one is ‘Gandhi Minar’ and the other is ‘Nehru Minar’. The lake behind the dam also known as ‘Hirakud Reservoir’ extends 55 km in length and is the longest in India. The dam supports two different hydroelectric powerhouses.
Originally, it was built with the purpose of controlling flood that was affecting large parts of coastal Odisha. However, with time, providing water during common droughts and supporting the production of Kharif and Rabi became the additional important reasons.
After the independence of India, this was the first enormous River valley project.
Hirakud also provides a preferable environment for wildlife through the Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary.
5. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam -Andhra Pradesh
Statistical data of Nagarjuna Dam:
- Height: 124 meters
- Length:1,450 meters
- Type: Masonry Dam
- Reservoir Capacity: 9,371,845 acre·ft
- Installed capacity: 816 MW
Image Credit: WalkthroughIndia
Built across Krishna River, Andhra Pradesh, Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam. Built around scenic and mesmerising views, it is considered as a major attraction of Nalgonda district.
And, why wouldn’t it?
The beauty of the dam truly captivates the mind. The major purpose of building this dam was a better agricultural scenario and generating hydro-electricity. The place also supports boat rides and many other activities to lure the tourists.
Summation: So whether the purpose of constructing a dam is to provide for domestic purposes, generating hydroelectricity, creating recreational areas, minimising flood risks or diverting water for irrigation, the charming view of steady water in such large volumes can genuinely intrigue the mind.
Hence, visit and be ready to learn some fascinating facts about the largest dams in India.
You can check out the list of 10 Major Dams Of India.